Columba livia

The common pigeon, also known as the Rock Dove, is best known for its high presence in cities. Despite being found pretty much everywhere in the U.S., they are native to Eurasia and northern Africa. They prefer to nest in high cliffs, so skyscrapers provide a good man-made imitation of that landscape. These birds are generally dark gray in color with a blue tint while their wings are a light gray. Their neck and wing feathers show iridescence, where the feathers are shiny and show different colors depending on how the light hits them. They also have dark bands across each wing and the tail. Their beak is black and they have a small white patch like a moustache right above it. Their average weight is about three quarters of a pound and tend to grow to about a foot in length.

They find strength in numbers, even in cities, while they roosting, sunning, or feeding. When they walk, their heads bob back and forth. These birds are very good at adapting to their environment by finding makeshift nests and food that is similar to what they would eat naturally, even in urban environments.

Pigeons are commonly seen throughout North America, which were introduced to the region from Europe.

Habitat Icon Cub Creek Science Camp

HABITAT -Originally rocky seaside cliffs but are found in urban areas now.

Diet Icon Cub Creek Science Camp

DIET -They are mainly seed eaters, but will consume manmade grains like popcorn or bread.

Fun Fact Icon Cub Creek Science Camp

FUN FACT -There are red and white variants, depending on the region they live in.

Social Behavior Icon Cub Creek Science Camp

SOCIAL BEHAVIOR -They are wary of humans and flock together for protection.

Activity Icon Cub Creek Science Camp

ACTIVITY -They are diurnal but can be crepuscular if the temperature gets too high.

Predator Icon Cub Creek Science Camp

PREDATORS -Their predators include opossums, raccoons, and birds of prey

Size Icon Cub Creek Science Camp

SIZE -They grow to about a foot in length and weight less than a pound

RelativesIcon Cub Creek Science Camp

RELATIVES -They are in the same family as the Eurasian Collared-Dove and Mourning Dove.

Conservation Icon Cub Creek Science Camp

CONSERVATION -They are highly abundant and of Least Concern.

Cub Creek Animal Care Information

Housing - Our three pigeons are housed in our Aviary, which is a spacious, multi-layer outdoor hut located between the Jungle and ALC. This enclosure is full of various locations to perch on at different height levels. It is bedded with pine shavings to make cleaning up after all the birds easier.

Diet - These birds are fed game bird finisher, which provides them with all the necessary nutrients they need to be healthy. Occasionally, they are fed lettuce as a treat. They also have a water bowl that gives them access to fresh water daily.

Enrichment - In the Aviary, our pigeons live with other species of birds, including peafowls, farm chickens, and silkie chickens. This multi-species environment gives the birds plenty of interaction to enrich them every day.